In a world where everything is digital, laptops are indispensable devices that affect the daily lives of every human being on this planet. Moreso, when it starts to behave erratically and does not function as normal.
We’ve made a massive list of the most common laptop repair issues that every owner will eventually face. We’ve also included the suggested fix for you.
4 Common Laptop Repair Issues
Viruses and Malware
In our list of laptop repair issues, we’ve chosen this topic to be on the top spot of our list. Nothing slows down your laptop more than viruses and malware. They are nasty pieces of scripts running inside your operating system that cause damage to the overall condition of your devices’ performance.
Before we even discuss how to address these nasty creatures inside your laptop, let us first understand what they are.
Malware and Viruses – What’s the difference?
By understanding the contrast between malware and viruses, we help follow the necessary steps to remove them.
A virus is just a single type of malware, but the public widely uses the term “virus,” and we tend to confuse both.
Malware refers to malicious software that may invade your computer, including what most of us call a virus. A virus is a subcategory of malware.
It’s also worth noting that the word malware is comprised of the words “malicious” and software.”
Malware is a piece of software written to harm and infect the host system; it latches itself too.
Malware includes viruses such as trojan horses, worms, spyware, and adware.
To further help you understand what we are talking about, let us define the following.
Trojan Horse – this is a type of malware that disguises itself as legitimate software. Taken from the story of the Trojan war when the Trojans thought the big wooden horse was harmless. Once, the horse got inside Troy, the city fell.
Users are tricked into letting this nasty software into their operating system, and when it does, the damage starts to spread.
Worm Virus – this is a malware that self replicates. It spreads through a network or host without human assistance.
A Trojan Horse needs a user to click it before it can get into a host. A worm, on the other hand, once it’s inside a host, it replicates itself, consumes space, and over time slows down your laptop.
Adware – is also known as advertising-supported software. Its primary purpose is to generate revenue for the author by flooding users with a ton of advertisements.
If you’ve been to sites where every time you click on something, advertisements pop up like crazy, then you are confronting some form of adware.
Not every adware has malicious intent, but it gets annoying and slows down your computer.
Spyware – consider it like a hidden camera inside your office to track your activities. Only in this case, your internet activities.
Hackers use spyware to gather information about their victim’s system without the victim knowing.
Spywares are well hidden inside the host, and they are tough to detect.
Ransomware – this one is a very advanced piece of software built to extort money from its victim. Once it latches into your system, it restricts access to your computer files or the operating system as a whole until you pay a certain fee.
You may get a pop-up warning telling you that you have been locked out of your computer. It goes on to say that you can only reaccess it after paying the culprit.
If you want to know more detailed information about malware and virus, hornet security wrote an article with a detailed discussion on this.
The Solution – Install Antivirus
As dangerous as malware may sound, the solution to all of them is a simple installation of the antivirus.
Installing an antivirus is the easiest fix you can give your computer to avoid malware related problems. One of the easy laptop repair issues you can address yourself.
Free Antivirus Softwares You Can Use
Although we’ve included this in the list of laptop repair issues you should learn about, this one comes with a reminder – antivirus selection boils down to personal preference.
For Windows users, you already have a built-in antivirus inside your computer. That is if you are using windows eight or higher.
They call it the Windows Defender.
Windows Defender was known as Microsoft Security Essentials when there was only Windows 7 in the market, and Microsoft offered as a separate installation.
In the advent of Windows 8, Microsoft built it right into Windows by default.
If you don’t have the budget for antivirus, you can always use your Windows Defender to protect your pc from viruses and malware.
Xprotect for Mac OS
Xprotect is a built-in anti-malware program for Mac OS, much like Windows Defender for Windows. Xprotec is a feature built into file quarantine for Mac. This feature was added back in 2009 when Apple released Mac OS X 10.6
How does it work?
When you download or open the application you got from the internet using any browser, you will be given a warning message will tell you where you downloaded the file.
File quarantine will run some tests on the file you’ve downloaded, and what Xprotec does it compare possible matches of malware from its definition.
Once a virus match is confirmed, you’ll receive another warning message saying that if you proceed with the installation, you run the risk of infecting your computer.
Install Third-Party Antivirus
Another way to secure your laptop for viruses and malware is to install a third-party antivirus. Most of them are paid. Here is a list of the top choices in the market.
Overheating is one of the laptop repair issues you should not take lightly. When left unattended, it can cause serious damage that can be avoided by paying attention to this issue.
When your laptop overheats, it will inevitably drag or slow down performance and often cause system failures. Overheating can also make your operating system freeze or crash.
All computers and laptops generate heat, but laptops are more prone to overheating because of their design – they are small, and ventilation is also a problem. Constant use can gather dust that will eventually clog air vents and blocks your system from letting cold air cool your laptop.
How Do I Know If My Laptop Is Overheating?
There are three things you can easily detect, which will tell you your laptop is overheating.
- Your CPU fan is always on maximum speed.
Your laptop needs to function correctly without overheating. Just like cars have radiators, CPUs have fans to keep the system fresh and running.
- Slow response
An overheating laptop will automatically drag your computer’s performance down. You will click on something, and it will take forever to respond. Everything will be in slow motion.
- Automatic Shutdown
Every computer or laptop today has a fail-safe mechanism that will trigger an automatic shutdown in case of overheating. When your laptop suddenly shuts down, chances are, your computer prevented further damage by turning off your system.
How To Keep My Laptop From Overheating?
Filter Dust From Clogging your vents.
Make sure that the air vents of your laptop are working correctly, free from dust and clogging. You have two vents in your laptop top – the inhalation vent and the exhaust vent.
You want to make sure that dust doesn’t enter the inhalation vent of your laptop. You can use a piece of clean cloth to filter dirt from entering your inhalation vents.
Never block your laptop’s exhaust vent. Your device needs to expel heat from its system, so you need to have your exhaust vent working correctly. That is where the heat from your laptop flows out of your device.
Find A Flat Surface When Using A Laptop
How many of you like to use your device in bed? Are you also one of those who loves to use pillows, blankets, and related materials so that you are comfortable when using your laptop?
Well, I’ve got news for you. You are impairing the air vents of your laptop and contributing to the rise of heat inside.
The easiest fix to this is never to use your laptop on an uneven surface. Get a unique laptop holder or a tray if you want to have your computing session on the bed.
Update Operating System’s Bios
You might not know it, but your operating system can control your laptop’s hardware.
What Is An Operating System?
An operating system or an OS is system software that controls the computer hardware and software functions and provides the services for computer programs.
There are many operating systems for computers, but there are two widely used systems in the market right now – Microsoft Windows and Apple macOS.
Going back to your operating system BIOS.
Your BIOS control’s your computer’s hardware. Most laptop manufacturers have an installation file for updating your BIOS automatically and for heat management.
Get A Laptop Cooling Pad – Avoid Buying The Wrong One
Laptop coolers are devices meant to add additional cooling for your device, but you don’t just buy coolers when you feel like it.
Buying the wrong cooler for your laptop can add more heat problems than cooling it. It’s one of those simple laptop repair issues that most don’t get right.
As we’ve mentioned above, there are two vents you need to locate: the inhalation vent and the exhaust vent. You must be able to match the type of cooler with the design of your vents.
Laptop Keyboard Not Working
Your laptop isn’t called what it is if it misses the functionality of a keyboard. When your keyboard is not working, the use of your gadget is impaired to a great extent.
Imagine creating a full company report on a laptop with a busted keyboard. Simply a headache. So, we took the liberty of including this problem in the list of laptop repair issues we owners have to deal with these devices.
There are many things to consider if you want to identify the source of the issue when it comes to your keyboard. Here are two things you can try by yourself.
Reinstalling Laptop Keyboard Driver
If you are using Windows as your operating system, you may want to do the following steps and hopefully fix your laptop keyboard issue.
Click Start Button. Type Device Manager and Hit Enter
Check if your keyboard driver has an exclamation mark.
Keyboard Hardware Issues
Check your keyboard if it’s responding, if it’s not, then chances are you have busted hardware.
In this case, I strongly recommend only one solution. Find an expert who knows how to fix it for you. Don’t experiment with it. It’s now like your desktop keyboard, where you can get a new replacement.
You need someone like Steve and his computer repair shop to fix sensitive hardware issues like this one.
How To Clean Your Laptop Keyboard
Let us point something out. You should be paying attention to this problem because, in the list of laptop repair issues we’ve made, this one doesn’t cost you a dime and should be easy enough to execute.
Regular use of your keyboard entails a regular clean up routine, but because of our busy schedules, we forget the importance of cleaning an essential part of our computer.
Oils from our fingers, dust, crumbs, and whatever residues and foreign materials can all pile up in the cavities of our keyboard.
- Turn off or unplug your device.
Before attempting to do any cleaning spree, make sure that you have turned off or the very least, disconnect your computer from any power source. Any moisture involved in your cleaning procedure can short the circuit of your computer if you are not careful.
- Tilt, Turn it Upside Down and Gently Shake.
Gently tapping or shaking your laptop will force some of the piled dirt and other residues to fall off. Don’t forget to turn it upside down so this debris will easily fall off.
- Use Compressed Air or Any Blower
Tapping or gently shaking your device won’t remove much of the debris stuck in the crevices of your keyboard. Using a blower or any compressed air can help you extract more of that debris.
- Wipe with a damp cloth – no water.
This procedure should be at the end of your cleaning regime. You should also put in mind that water should not be your liquid choice. Although water is not a bad alternative, you need more work by drying it to make sure no moist is left to short your circuit.
Use a cloth or any specific cloth designed for cleaning your keyboard. There are liquids designed to clean your keyboard, and they evaporate faster than regular water.
Alternatively, you can also use a ball of cotton dampen by alcohol and gently wipe over your keyboard to clean it.
Laptop Battery Draining Quickly
A scenario that we are all too familiar with is finding ourselves plugging our laptops while using it. Battery issues! Something we can never ignore in the list of laptop repair issues we will all eventually have to deal with.
How Long Can A Laptop Battery Last After Being Fully Charged?
That is dependent on many factors. First is the manufacturer. Each brand has specific types of battery with different sets of features.
MAH – Laptop Battery Storage Capacity
One of the features you need to take a look at is mAh or milliamp per hour. This will tell you the storage capacity of your battery and how long it will last when you use it.
The bigger your mAh is, the longer your battery can perform.
Typical battery life ranges from 2 to 5 years. Some batteries can last up to seven years with continued use; however, this is rare.
With the ever-expanding range of lithium-ion batteries, batteries are lasting longer than ever. In the future, different technology will take over lithium-ion, and battery life will extend past ten years.
Battery Drains Quickly
Among the laptop repair issues we’ve compiled in this list, battery draining tends to be the less harmful (but it pretty harmful) and the most annoying of all.
Battery life between charges is about one to eight hours, also depending on usage. Newer laptops draw much less power from the battery, so the batteries last much longer.
What may cause fast drains of Battery Intensive use can cause a quick drain on batteries for laptops. If you’re an avid gamer or a heavy user of the computer, then the battery will not hold a charge as long.
If you have your screen on full brightness, then the battery will also not last as long. It is essential to dim your screen if you are running on battery only power.
What to do when the battery doesn’t charge?
If your laptop battery is not charging, this can because caused by a failed motherboard circuit.
A failed motherboard circuit will not allow the battery to charge or see the battery at all fully. A way to check this is to enter the BIOS of the laptop. See if the BIOS of the computer can view the battery.
Failed battery Cells in the battery will wear out over time, just like the battery in your car. If you notice the battery life quickly lowering between charges, this can be a failing battery.
Also, a failing battery can swell and cause your mouse trackpad to pop out.
If you notice your keyboard or mouse trackpad is popping out, this can be caused by swelling, failing battery.
Replace a swelling battery immediately because this can cause your laptop to explode in a high heat environment.
Final Thoughts On Laptop Repair Issues
As owners of these devices, we will ultimately have to face the inevitable – fixing issues ourselves or finding an expert to do it. These laptop repairs issues we’ve compiled for you will come in handy when the time comes.
What are some laptop repair issues would you like us to include in this list? Shoot us a message or comment below so we could give you more insights as to how we can all address them.